José Casanova - Religious and Secular Dynamics ...
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José Casanova - Religious and Secular Dynamics in Post-Soviet Societies
The dismantling of aggressive secularist soviet-type regimes after the fall of the Berlin Wall allows a comparative analysis of divergent religious dynamics throughout the region and the testing of competing paradigms: The traditional European paradigm of secularization, the American paradigm of competitive religious markets, and the revisionist paradigm of global de-secularization. East Germany and Poland show practically no religious change after the transition: East Germany shows no evidence of religious growth, while Poland shows no evidence of significant religious decline. Ukraine and Russia show clear evidence of religious revival after communism, but with very different dynamics and in different directions. None of the competing general paradigms can account for these diverse post-communist religious dynamics.